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You are in page   Outbound Tours - Australia Travel Guide  
Explore Australia
Sydney Opera House

Australia Fact File Australia Fact File

History of Australia Territories of Australia

Shopping in Australia Shopping in Australia

Festivals of Australia Festivals of Australia

Australia Visa Entry Formalities and Australia Visa
Festivals of Australia Australia Tour Packages
Australia Travel Guide
Apostles Lowres - Great Ocean Road



What to Pack

What to Pack

What to Wear What to Wear
Entry Formalities to Maldives Entry Formalities
Health Care in China Health Care
Safety Safety


"Australia is completely surrounded by ocean; there is no way to travel overland to Australia. Hence, all international visitors arrive by plane or by boat. Almost all travellers will first travel to one of the state capitals, as these have all the major airports and many of the major ports.  "

China Factoids - China is the source for many great technical inventions

"Australia boasts over 7,000 beaches - more than any other nation. "

Calligraphy is a major art form of China

"Kalgoorlie in Western Australia is not only Australia's largest producer of gold, but has the world's largest political electorate covering a mammoth 2.2 million square kilometers. "

Soccer was first played in China around 1000 CE

"The kangaroo is unique to Australia and one of our most easily recognised mammals. There are more kangaroos in Australia now than when Australia was first settled. Estimates suggest around 40 million. "

Soccer was first played in China around 1000 CE

"Australia's 140 million sheep (mostly merinos), found on around 53,000 properties, produce more than 70 per cent of the world's wool. "

Soccer was first played in China around 1000 CE

"With 24 million head of cattle, Australia is the world's largest exporter of beef.  "

Soccer was first played in China around 1000 CE

"The longest stretch of straight railway track in the world crosses the Nullarbor Plain. From Nurina in Western Australia to Watson in South Australia, the track is dead straight for 478 kilometers. "

Soccer was first played in China around 1000 CE

"The world's longest continuous fence known as the 'Dingo Fence', runs through central Queensland for 5,531kms. It is 1.8 meters high and is designed to keep sheep safe from Australia's native dog. "

Australia - the sunny side of life

Welcome to Australia!

Sydney Opera HouseAustralia is the sixth largest country in the world. It's about the same size as the 48 mainland states of the USA and 50 per cent larger than Europe, but has the lowest population density in the world - only two people per square kilometer.

Australia is the only country that has a whole continent to itself. Famed for its natural wonders and wide open spaces (beaches, deserts and "the bush" or "the Outback"), Australia is ironically one of the world's most highly urbanised countries and is well known for the cosmopolitan attractions of its cities, such as Adelaide, Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane and the Australian capital city Canberra. 

The name Australia is derived from the Latin Australis, meaning of the South. The first human habitation of Australia is estimated to have occurred between 42,000 and 48,000 years ago. The first Australians were the ancestors of the current Indigenous Australians; they arrived via land bridges and short sea-crossings from present-day Southeast Asia.

Factoid: "Australia produces 95 per cent of the world's precious opals and 99 per cent of black opals. Coober Pedy in South Australia is known as the opal capital of the world. " Read More Facts about Maldives Island



Manly Beach, Sydney Opera House, Cairns New Blue Lagoon


Fact File - Australia


Commonwealth of Australia


1 January 1901 (federation of UK colonies)

Flag description: Flag of Australia

Blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and a large seven-pointed star in the lower hoist-side quadrant known as the Commonwealth Star, representing the federation of the colonies of Australia in 1901; the star depicts one point for each of the six original states and one representing all of Australia's internal and external territories; the remaining half is a representation of the Southern Cross constellation in white with one small five-pointed star and four larger, seven-pointed stars


Oceania, continent between the Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Ocean.

Australia's 7,686,850 square kilometers (2,967,909 sq. mi) landmass is on the Indo-Australian Plate. Surrounded by the Indian, Southern and Pacific oceans, Australia is separated from Asia by the Arafura and Timor seas.

Map References: 



total: 7,686,850 sq km
land: 7,617,930 sq km
water: 68,920 sq km
note: includes Lord Howe Island and Macquarie Island


20,264,082 (July 2006 est.)




English (official) 79.1%, Chinese 2.1%, Italian 1.9%, other 11.1%, unspecified 5.8% (2001 Census)

Ethnic Groups: White 92%, Asian 7%, aboriginal and other 1%


Catholic 26.4%, Anglican 20.5%, other Christian 20.5%, Buddhist 1.9%, Muslim 1.5%, other 1.2%, unspecified 12.7%, none 15.3% (2001 Census)


Generally arid to semiarid; temperate in south and east; tropical in north

When to go:

Any time is a good time to be in Australia. Summer (December to February) can get uncomfortably hot but it's great beach weather. Up north, the summer wet season is very, very humid and the sea is swarming with box jellyfish. Winter (June to August) offers skiing in NSW and Victoria. In spring and autumn the weather is mild.


Australian Dollar (AUS$) 1 AUD = 34.6342 INR approximately.


GMT/UTC +10 (Eastern Standard Time - operates in New South Wales, the Australian Capital Territory, Victoria, Tasmania and Queensland)
GMT/UTC +9.5 (Central Time - operates in South Australia and the Northern Territory)
GMT/UTC +8 (Western Time - operates in Western Australia)

Electricity: 220-240V 50Hz

Country Dialing Code:


Australian Area Code List:

02 = Central East (New South Wales & Australian Capital Territory)
03 = South East (Southern NSW, Victoria & Tasmania)
04 = Mobile phones Australia-wide
07 = North East (Queensland)
08 = Central & West (Western Australia, South Australia and the Northern Territory)

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The Australian mainland comprises six states and two territories. Ranked in order of population (common abbreviations follow in parentheses) :

  • New South Wales (NSW)
    • Sydney - Australia's first and largest city, the capital of New South Wales
  • Victoria (VIC)
    • Melbourne - Australia's second largest city and the nation's first capital city. 
  • Queensland (QLD)
    • Brisbane - sun-drenched capital of Queensland
  • Western Australia (WA)
    • Perth - the most remote continental capital city on earth, on the south-western edge of Western Australia
  • South Australia (SA)
    • Adelaide - the City of Churches, a relaxed South Australian alternative to the big eastern cities
  • Tasmania (TAS) - a small triangular island state located off the south coast of the Australian mainland
    • Hobart - small but fascinating capital of Tasmania
  • The Australian Capital Territory (ACT) - the seat of federal government, focused on Canberra, Australia's largest inland city
    • Canberra - the purpose-built, planned national capital of Australia
  • Northern Territory (NT) - ranging between the "Red Centre" and the tropical Far North.
    • Darwin - Australia's smallest and northern-most capital, at the top of the Northern Territory

Australia also possesses a number of island territories in the Indian and Pacific Oceans:

  • Ashmore and Cartier Islands
  • Christmas Island
  • Cocos Islands
  • Coral Sea Islands
  • Heard and McDonald Islands
  • Lord Howe Island, New South Wales
  • Norfolk Island
  • Macquarie Island

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Territories of Australia


What to Pack

"Lightweight" and "Compact" are two words that should be etched on your mind when you are deciding what to bring along. Australia is well stocked with most personal items. You will have many opportunities to buy whatever you may need.

  • Sunscreen with high SPF (Sun Protection Factor)

  • Sunglasses

  • Hat or Cap for shade from the sun

  • Light cotton clothing

  • Lotion (Aloe Vera)

  • Insect Repellent

  • Bathing Suits

  • Credit Card (Visa, American Express, MasterCard, Diners Club, and Eurocard are accepted)

  • US dollars

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Maldives Island Seperator

What to Wear

As far as dressing for Australia is concerned, casual wear is generally the go. If you wanted to, you could go to the opera in jeans, and no one would give you a second look, although this is one of the few activities for which some people like to dress up.

Unless it’s a really formal occasion, one has no need for a tuxedo or a formal long gown; a jacket and tie are not de rigueur for other occasions but the rule of thumb is usually whether one is comfortable with one’s choice of clothing for a particular occasion.

In Melbourne, the weather is very changeable - you can have a nice, sunny morning and by afternoon it's overcast and cloudy. Bring along a range of clothing - jeans, t-shirts/blouses and long sleeved tops. (Some skirts and/or shorts if you feel comfortable in them.) It would be a good idea to pack a jacket - preferably a waterproof one with a hood (or an umbrella), as it tends to rain quite often.

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Maldives Island Seperator

Health Care in Australia

Skin: Sunny Australia has one simple message for the traveller (and for its own citizens): "Slip, Slop, Slap!" In other words, "Slip on a shirt, slop on some sunscreen and slap on a hat!" Over-exposure to the sun at Australian latitudes is responsible for many cases of sunburn, sunstroke and heat exhaustion every year. In the long term, premature aging and skin cancer are also a risk. Even in cooler southern areas, proximity to the hole in the ozone layer means that the risk of sunburn is much higher than in the northern hemisphere. Fair-skinned people are especially at risk, and it is advisable to use a sunscreen with a SPF of 30+.

Medicines: Medicinal products brought into Australia are subject to strict controls and should be declared on arrival. It is advisable to have a letter or prescription from your doctor describing your medical condition and the medication.

Vaccinations: Vaccinations are not required unless you have come from or visited a yellow fever infected country or zone within six days prior to arrival. No other health certificate is required to enter Australia.

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Maldives Island Seperator

Safety in Australia:

Beach going: One of the most common causes of tourist deaths in Australia is found on its glorious beaches. Each year quite a number of tourists (and locals too it must be said) drown on the shores. Australian beaches - particularly the long strips common on the Gold and Sunshine Coasts - have extremely strong rips and pulls that most people are unable to detect or handle.

It is very important that people swim between the red and yellow flags which designate patrolled areas. Despite the sunny climate beaches are not patrolled 24-hours a day or even during all sunlight hours. In most cases the local volunteer surf lifesavers or professional lifeguards are only available during certain hours, and at most beaches only on weekends. If the flags aren't up, then there's no one patrolling - and you shouldn't swim.

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Maldives Island Seperator

Festivals & Culture of Australia

Festivals have become ubiquitous in Australia, with hundreds held each year. Some are as small as the community-based Apollo Bay Music Festival and Thirroul Seaside & Arts Festival, while others afford the opportunity to bring international performers to Australian audiences and showcase Australian works, such as the Falls Festival and Woodford Folk Festival.

- Chinese New Year (February)
- Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras (February)
- WOMADelaide (March)
- National Folk Festival, Canberra (April)
- Dreaming Festival, Woodford (June)
- Revelation Independent Film Festival (July)
- Woodford Folk Festival (December).

The modern culture of Australia is a Western culture and draws from many sources, primarily from the Anglo-Celtic cultures, but also from indigenous Australians, the multi-ethnic immigration associated with the Australian gold rushes of the 1850s, and post-World War II immigrants from all over the world.

Mainstream Australian culture has been strongly influenced by British culture and European culture, and more recently the culture of the United States of America. There are, however, distinctive influences from the Australian natural environment, the country's settler history, indigenous Australians, geographical isolation from other Western nations and proximity to Asia.

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Maldives Island Seperator


There is an enormous variety of authentic Aboriginal art from traditional dot and bark paintings, modern 'earth pigment' screen prints, decorated jewellery and wood carvings, to boomerangs, didgeridoos, weapons, ceramics, scarves, even compact discs of traditional music.

Tourist Refund Scheme - AustraliaTourist Refund Scheme: Did you know an overseas tourist can claim a refund of the goods and services tax (GST) and wine equalisation tax (WET) that they pay on goods they buy in Australia. The refund only applies to goods which are taken as hand luggage or worn on to the aircraft or ship when they leave the country.

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Maldives Island Seperator

Entry Formalities and Australian Tourist Visa:

All travellers, except New Zealand citizens, must obtain a visa or travel authority before travelling to Australia. Australia Tourist visa allows people to visit Australia for a holiday or recreation, or to visit family and/or friends. This visa may also be used for other short-term non-work purposes including study for less than three (3) months.

The documents required when applying for a Australia Tourist visa are:

  • Complete all the questions and sign application form 48R accompanied by one recent passport size photo.

  • Valid passport with two unused visa pages

  • Original passport, and a photocopy of the biodata page and any page showing endorsements or change of name.

  • Recent passport photo - head and shoulders only, plain background

  • Details of your proposed activities in Australia

  • Air Ticket and Travel itinerary

  • Evidence of health insurance for entire period of stay

  • Form M67 – details of relatives

  • If you have a sponsor, a letter from your sponsor stating your relationship and reason for sponsorship, and evidence of his/her residence status in Australia

  • Evidence of sufficient funds for your visit either from you or your sponsor in Australia (e.g. bank statements, tax papers for the last three months. Please note photocopies of credit cards are not acceptable)

  • Evidence of funds/assets held by you in India

  • Original leave letter from your employer stating your job designation, monthly salary and exact dates of leave or, if you are self-employed, evidence of your business

  • A clear description of your occupation and complete contact details for your employer are to be included on the application form. Please note that occupation titles such as "business" and "service" are not acceptable

  • Students must provide confirmation from their school or college of their exact vacation dates and/or reasons for taking time off during the academic semester

  • Children under 18 must provide a notarized “no objection certificate’ from any non-accompanying parent authorizing their travel to Australia along with copies of the parents passport. In the case of children traveling or staying with non –relatives, please also provide the full name, nationality and the date of birth of the person the child will be staying or traveling with.

  • Previous passports if any

Australia Tourist Visa Fee: INR4,700 + INR500 VFS Service Charges + INR1,200 Documentation Charges. (Subject to revise)

Time required to issue Australia Visa: From 7 working days to 4 weeks. It is advisable to allow plenty of time. The amount of time taken to finalise individual applications may vary significantly depending on processing requirements; If additional documents, Interviews or Medical examination are required, the Australian High Commission will notify you;

If granted, Australia Tourist visa will allow the passenger either a single or multiple entry to Australia for a stay period of up to three (3), six (6) or 12 months.

The period of stay and number of entries granted will depend on the purpose of the visit and your personal circumstances.

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For other destinations, email us your requirements to outbound@aadityatours.com

Disclaimer: We've tried to make the information on this page as accurate as possible, but it is provided 'as is' and we accept no responsibility for any loss, injury or inconvenience sustained by anyone resulting from this information. You should verify critical information (like visas, health and safety, customs and transportation) with the relevant authorities before you travel.

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