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China Travel Guide
Explore China for its fascinating culture and valuable antiquities.

China Fact File China Fact File

History of Maldives Island History of China

Shopping in China Shopping in China

Festivals of China Festivals & Culture of China

China Airports China Airports

China Visa China Visa

China Tourism Guide
China Travel Guide



What to Pack

What to Pack

Best Time to Visit China

Best time to Visit

What to Wear What to Wear
Entry Formalities to Maldives Entry Formalities
Health Care in China Health Care
Tipping Tipping
Safety Safety


"China is the source of many great technical inventions developed throughout world history, including the four great inventions of ancient China: Paper, the compass, gunpowder, and printing. "

China Factoids - China is the source for many great technical inventions

"Calligraphy is a major art form in China, more highly regarded than painting and music. "

Calligraphy is a major art form of China

"There is an evidence that a form of football (i.e. soccer) was first played in China around 1000 CE, leading many historians to believe that it originated there."

Soccer was first played in China around 1000 CE

"China is one of the world's last great smoking reserves, with smoking permitted everywhere except airports and railway stations. China makes up 20% of the world's population, but smokes 30% of the world's cigarettes. "

China Travel Guide

Great Wall of China

"Foon Ying" - Welcome to China

China is a cultural region and ancient civilization in East Asia. China refers to one of the world's oldest civilization comprising successive states and cultures dating back more than 6,000 years. China, the third largest country in the world, next to Canada and Russia, has an area of 9.6 million square kilometers, or one-fifteenth of the world's landmass. The stalemate of the last Chinese Civil War following World War II has resulted in two separate states using the name "China":

  • The People's Republic of China (PRC), which governs mainland China, Hong Kong, and Macau; and

  • Republic of China (ROC), which governs Taiwan, Matsu, and Kinmen.

Factoid: "China has one of the world's longest periods of mostly uninterrupted civilization and one of the world's longest continuously used written language systems.! " Read More Facts about Maldives Island



Great Wall of China, Shanghai Bund, Terracota Warriors-X'ian

History of China: China, representing one of the earliest civilizations in the world, has a recorded history of about 3,600 years. It possesses rich historical documents as well as ancient relics. Like other nations, China, in its development, passed through the stages of primitive society, slave society, and feudal society.

Within the last 200 years, China has undergone tremendous social and economic upheaval, all taking its toll on the national psyche. Chinese culture took a beating during the Cultural Revolution and is still recovering. There is a large cultural gap between Hong Kong and Macau and the rest of China. Hong Kong and Macau, while outwardly more modern, are also more traditionally Chinese because they didn't experience the Cultural Revolution.

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Fact File - China


conventional long form: People's Republic of China
conventional short form: China
local long form: Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo
local short form: Zhongguo
abbreviation: PRC


Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam


1 January 1912 (Manchu Dynasty replaced by a Republic);
1 October 1949 (People's Republic established)

Flag description: China Flag

Red with a large green rectangle in the center bearing a vertical white crescent; the closed side of the crescent is on the hoist side of the flag


world's fourth largest country (after Russia, Canada, and US); Mount Everest on the border with Nepal is the world's tallest peak
Coordinates: 35 00 N, 105 00 E 

Map References: 





- Total:         298 km² (204th)
                    115 sq mi
- Water (%): Negligible


359,008 (July 2006 est.)


Han Chinese 91.9%, Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean, and other nationalities 8.1%


Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghaiese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects


Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%


Tropical; Hot, Humid; Dry, North East Monsoon (November to March); Rainy, South West Monsoon (June to August)
Water Temperatures: 25-29 °C.

Best time to Visit:

Spring (March-April) and autumn (September-October). Major public holidays, in particular Chinese New Year, are best avoided as it's difficult to get around and/or find accommodation.


Renminbi ('People's Money') (Y)
Click here to find out Current Exchange Rate


220V 50HzHz


GMT+8 Check Current Time in Maldives

Calling Code:


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Best Time to Visit China

Spring (March-April) and autumn (September-October) are the best times to visit China, though the higher altitude areas of Tibet, Qinghai and Western Sichuan are best visited in high summer (June-September). Daytime temperatures range from 20°C to 30°C (68°F-86°F) in these seasons - but bear in mind that nights can still be bitterly cold and it can sometimes be wet and miserable. Major public holidays, in particular Chinese New Year, are best avoided as it's difficult to get around and/or find accommodation.

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What to Pack

"Lightweight" and "Compact" are two words that should be etched on your mind when you are deciding what to bring along. Today's China is well stocked with most personal items. You will have many opportunities to buy whatever you may need.

  • Sunscreen with high SPF (Sun Protection Factor)

  • Sunglasses

  • Hat or Cap for shade from the sun

  • Light cotton clothing

  • Lotion (Aloe Vera)

  • Insect Repellent

  • Bathing Suits

  • Credit Card (Visa, American Express, MasterCard, Diners Club, and Eurocard are accepted)

  • US dollars

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What to Wear

Clothing is inexpensive and one of the best buys in China, so we do not recommend you bring too many from home. It is recommended that you take with you just a couple of shirts, sweaters, and a jacket (depending on the season). These can be worn in layers to accommodate the climatic variations. Dark coloured clothing is preferable because it does not show the dirt. If you are traveling in northern China during winter, prepare yourself for incredible cold. A good down jacket, hat, mittens and boots are necessary. Besides underwear and rainwear, comfortable socks and hiking boots are also needed.

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Health Care in China

A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers coming from infected areas. There is a risk of malaria throughout the low-lying areas of the country, and it is recommended that travellers to China seek medical advice before departure.

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Tipping is not officially recognised, although the practice is becoming more common among travel guides, top-end restaurants, tour bus drivers and hotel staff. Tipping is not expected in most restaurants and hotels. Large hotels and restaurants often include a service charge in their bills, usually of about 10%.

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Beijing Capital International Airport (PEK):  The airport is situated 17 miles (28km) north of Beijing.  A shuttle bus service runs between the two terminals.

Pudong International Airport (PVG): The airport is situated 19 miles (30km) from central Shanghai.

Shanghai Hong Qiao International Airport (SHA): The airport is situated eight miles (13km) southwest of central Shanghai.

Facilities: There are several bureaux de change, a bank and ATMs, as well as telephones, tourist information, numerous shops and duty free, and a business centre with Internet access. A food corridor provides a range of eating and drinking options, while an entertainment centre offers everything from films to Chinese massage.

Departure tax: ¥90 (international flights), ¥50 (domestic). *subject to change

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Safety in China:

China is generally safe, and there has been no evidence of a threat from global terrorism. Travellers should take extra care in street markets and at tourist sites, which attract thieves and pickpockets.

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Festivals & Culture of China

Most of the traditional festivals in China are based on the Chinese lunar calendar. There are also three key national holiday periods in China, when a large part of the population is on the move – all travel bookings are extremely tight at these times, hotels generally increase their rates and flights and trains can be very crowded. The main, week-long holidays are:

- Chinese New Year in February
- International Labour Day the first week of May, and
- to celebrate National Day the first week in October.

Spring Festival (Lunar New Year-18 Feb 07; 7 Feb 08): Spring Festival is the most important festival in China. All the traditional festivals in China are based on the Chinese lunar calendar. The Spring Festival marks the beginning of the Chinese Lunar New Year.

Lantern Festival (15th day of 1st lunar month-5 Mar 05; 22 Feb 08): The Lantern Festival (also called Yuanxiao Festival) is on the 15th day of the first Chinese lunar month. It is closely related to Spring Festival.Yuan literally means first, while Xiao refers to night. yuanxiao is the first time when we see the full moon in the new year. It is traditionally a time for family reunion.

Qingming Festival(early April , usually 5th April -4th April in Leap Years): Qingming, meaning clear and bright, is the day for mourning the dead. It falls in early April every year. It corresponds with the onset of warmer weather, the start of spring plowing, and of family outings.

Dragon Boat Festival(5th day of 5th lunar month-31 May 06; 19 Jun 07; 8 Jun 08): The Duanwu (Dragon Boat) Festival falls on the fifth day of the fifth month of the Chinese lunar calendar. For thousands of years, Duanwu has been marked by eating Zongzi and racing dragon boats. Dragon boat racing is quite a spectacle, with drums beating, colorful flags waving, and thousands of people cheering on both sides of the river.

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There are many exotic and unusual things to buy in China which make wonderful souvenirs and gifts for relatives and friends back home. Clothing is inexpensive and one of the best buys in China.

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Entry Formalities and China Visa:

  • Tourist Visa (‘L’ Visa) (If there is no sponsor): Travelling first time to China

    • Valid passport for more than 6 month at the time of submission of application

    • One original Photo with white background

    • One Completely filled visa application form with phone number, fax number, email id, etc

    • Confirmed return/onward air ticket

    • Original certificate of account and balance from bank mentioning account balance of minimum Rs.1.5 Lac

    • Covering letter on letter head addressed to “Chinese Embassy or Embassy of China or Embassy of the People’s republic of China, New Delhi” with exact purpose, duration, details of expenses full name, passport details, etc. It must have full name & designation of authorized signatory.

    • IF self employed: Covering on letter head

    • If employed: letter from employer

    • If Spouse: NOC from husband

    • If student: bonafide from school, copy of school/college ID card and NOC from parent/guardian

    • If minor: NOC from parent/Guardian with copy of passport.

    • Copies of passport’s first and last page

  • Visa Fee: Rs.2,500+Documentations Charges

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For other destinations, email us your requirements to outbound@aadityatours.com

Disclaimer: We've tried to make the information on this page as accurate as possible, but it is provided 'as is' and we accept no responsibility for any loss, injury or inconvenience sustained by anyone resulting from this information. You should verify critical information (like visas, health and safety, customs and transportation) with the relevant authorities before you travel.

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