The Indus Valley civilization, one of the oldest in the world, dates back at least 5,000 years. Aryan tribes from the northwest invaded about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier Dravidian inhabitants created the classical Indian culture. Arab incursions starting in the 8th century and Turkish in the 12th were followed by those of European traders, beginning in the late 15th century. By the 19th century, Britain had assumed political control of virtually all Indian lands. Indian armed forces in the British army played a vital role in both World Wars. Nonviolent resistance to British colonialism led by Mohandas GANDHI and Jawaharlal NEHRU brought independence in 1947. The subcontinent was divided into the secular state of India and the smaller Muslim state of Pakistan. A third war between the two countries in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. Despite impressive gains in economic investment and output, India faces pressing problems such as the ongoing dispute with Pakistan over Kashmir, massive overpopulation, environmental degradation, extensive poverty, and ethnic and religious strife.
Shorts, minis and tank tops are unadvisable unless you're on a beach. In small towns and cities especially, people may tend to stare if you expose too much skin. Safe clothing would be trousers, peddle pushers, capris, skirts, tops and shirts. India has some good cottons which are trendy and affordable. Buy yourself some. Women could try wearing a salwar kameez which is very cool and comfortable and could even improve the attitude of people towards them.
India experiences at least three seasons a year, Summer, Rainy Season (or "Monsoon") and Winter, though in the tropical South calling the 25°C (77°F) weather "Winter" would be stretching the concept. The North experiences some extremes of heat in Summer and cold in Winter, but except in the Himalayan regions, snow is almost unheard of. November to January is the winter season and April and May are the hot months when everyone eagerly awaits the rains. There is also a brief spring in February and March, especially in North India.
is predominantly Hindu and it also has the world’s largest population of
Muslims. Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Christians (Roman Catholic, Protestant
and Syrian Christian), Jews and Zoroastrians people this great land.
There is phenomenal ethnic diversity too. While the people of the north
are mainly Indo-Aryan, in the south they are mostly Dravidian. The
tribal population in the northeast is of Tibeto-Burmese extract, while
the ‘adivasis’ of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat are probably proto
Australoid. Language varies almost every ten miles and India’s
billion-strong population has a total of 1535 recognized dialects.
India has a rich diversity of culture and tradition. It's probably the only country where people of so many different origins, religious beliefs, languages and ethnic background coexist.
India is a land of festivals and fairs. Every day of the year there is a festival celebrated in some part of the country. Some festivals welcome the seasons of the year, the harvest, the rains, or the full moon. Others celebrate religious occasions, the birthdays of divine beings, saints, and gurus (revered teachers), or the advent of the new year. A number of these festivals are common to most parts of India. However, they may be called by different names in various parts of the country or may be celebrated in a different fashion.
It is well known that no other country holds so many festivals of antiquity as does India. Each festival brings an episode of some remote past back to the memory. Owing to its religious and regional variations, India has a number of festivals. Few Festivals of India are Ayudha Puja or Worship of Tools, Car Festivals of India, The Dasara Festival, Onam, Deepavali - Festival of Lights, Gandhi Jayanti, Ganesh Festival, Holi - the Festival of Colors, Kumbh Mela Fair, Moharam, Rakshabandhan, Republic Day, Sankranti or Pongal, Thrissur Pooram Festival, Ugadi (The Hindu New Year's Day)
The arts scene in India is markedly dynamic. It is uniquely splendorous in architectural and sculptural traditions and also retains its Indian ness in paintings despite Western influences. In India, the geography and climate contribute a lot to the form and substance of arts.
The Vedas, the sacred book of the Aryans in Sanskrit is the fundamental link to the Indian thoughts and arts. After the Indus valley civilization there was no continuity in the arts section until the age of the Mauryans when the Buddhist art form was born. Historically the first movement in art in India started with the Mauryan dynasty during 322-183 B.C. Major Indian Arts are Architecture, Dance, Music, Sculptures, Cinema, Paintings, Literature
In dance, India has one of the largest repertoires in the world. There are eight main classical forms: Bharata Natyam (Tamilnadu), Kuchipudi (Andhra Pradesh), Odissi(Orissa), Kathak(Bihar), Manipuri(Assam and Manipur) Mohini attam, Kathakali (Kerala) and Yakshaganam (Karnataka).
Indian markets cater multiple options to the travelers to pick the right
thing of right choice. From the semi precious stone studded garland to a
trendy leather shoe, Indian market is the ultimate destination for the
shoppers around the world. A leisurely walk through the crowded lanes of
the Indian metro cities are sure to indulge your sense and taste for
exquisitely carved jewellery, beautiful handicraft items, excellent
paintings and some real good Indian clothes.
All major International Airlines fly into India. According to the classification of Airports Authority of India, India has 6 major international airports - Delhi, Mumbai (Bombay), Kolkata (Calcutta), Chennai (Madras), Tiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum) and the newly upgraded Bangalore airport. These airports cater to around 85% of international air traffic in India.
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