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Fact File of India India Fact File

History of India History of India

People and Culture of India People and Culture of India

Festivals & Arts of India

Shopping in India Shopping in India

IndiaVisa Entry Formalities and Visa


Periyar River, Thekkady



What to Pack

What to Pack

When to Go to India

When to go

What to Wear Where to Stay
Health Care Health Care


Factoids - India

"The Lions, the Tigers, 3 types of Leopards along with 9 other species of Cats make India a Tiger country."

Singapore consists only of one main island and 63 other tiny islands



India - a Land of all Seasons

Namaskar - Welcome to India !

India is the largest country in the Subcontinent and shares borders with Pakistan to the west, China, Nepal to the north, Bhutan to the north-east, and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, Sri Lanka, Maldives and Indonesia are located to the south-east of the country. Although it's the seventh largest country in the world by area, with over a billion people, India is a close second to China in population, and the nation prides itself on being the largest democracy on earth (by population). It's also an extremely diverse country, with vast differences in geography, climate, culture, language and ethnicity across its expanse.

Singapore Travel Tips Much has been made of the confusing Indian head NOD for Yes and No, but the only important thing to understand is that Indians have different nods for yes, ok and no.

  • If they are shaking their head back and forth, they mean yes.

  • If they are nodding their head in a tilting motion from right to left, they mean okay indicating acceptance. The movement is in a figure eight, and looks identical to the western nod for "Sort of".

  • If they shake their head from left to right twisting it about the vertical axis, they mean no.


Taj Mahal,Agra


Fact File - India


Conventional long form: Republic of India
Conventional short form: India


15 August 1947 (from UK)

Flag description: India Flag - India Independence is on 15 August 1947 (from UK)

Three equal horizontal bands of saffron (subdued orange) (top), white, and green with a blue chakra (24-spoked wheel) centered in the white band; similar to the flag of Niger, which has a small orange disk centered in the white band


Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan

Map References: 



Total: 3,287,590 sq km land: 2,973,190 sq km water: 314,400 sq km


1,080,264,388 (July 2005 est.)


New Delhi

Ethnic groups:

Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)


English enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the national language and primary tongue of 30% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language


Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census)


Varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north


Indian Rupee (INR).


GMT +5.30

Electricity: 240V 50Hz

History of India:

The Indus Valley civilization, one of the oldest in the world, dates back at least 5,000 years. Aryan tribes from the northwest invaded about 1500 B.C.; their merger with the earlier Dravidian inhabitants created the classical Indian culture. Arab incursions starting in the 8th century and Turkish in the 12th were followed by those of European traders, beginning in the late 15th century. By the 19th century, Britain had assumed political control of virtually all Indian lands. Indian armed forces in the British army played a vital role in both World Wars. Nonviolent resistance to British colonialism led by Mohandas GANDHI and Jawaharlal NEHRU brought independence in 1947. The subcontinent was divided into the secular state of India and the smaller Muslim state of Pakistan. A third war between the two countries in 1971 resulted in East Pakistan becoming the separate nation of Bangladesh. Despite impressive gains in economic investment and output, India faces pressing problems such as the ongoing dispute with Pakistan over Kashmir, massive overpopulation, environmental degradation, extensive poverty, and ethnic and religious strife.

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History of India

What to Wear:

Shorts, minis and tank tops are unadvisable unless you're on a beach. In small towns and cities especially, people may tend to stare if you expose too much skin. Safe clothing would be trousers, peddle pushers, capris, skirts, tops and shirts. India has some good cottons which are trendy and affordable. Buy yourself some. Women could try wearing a salwar kameez which is very cool and comfortable and could even improve the attitude of people towards them.

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History of India

When to travel to India:

India experiences at least three seasons a year, Summer, Rainy Season (or "Monsoon") and Winter, though in the tropical South calling the 25°C (77°F) weather "Winter" would be stretching the concept. The North experiences some extremes of heat in Summer and cold in Winter, but except in the Himalayan regions, snow is almost unheard of. November to January is the winter season and April and May are the hot months when everyone eagerly awaits the rains. There is also a brief spring in February and March, especially in North India.

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History of India

People and Culture of India:


India is predominantly Hindu and it also has the world’s largest population of Muslims. Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Christians (Roman Catholic, Protestant and Syrian Christian), Jews and Zoroastrians people this great land. There is phenomenal ethnic diversity too. While the people of the north are mainly Indo-Aryan, in the south they are mostly Dravidian. The tribal population in the northeast is of Tibeto-Burmese extract, while the ‘adivasis’ of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat are probably proto Australoid. Language varies almost every ten miles and India’s billion-strong population has a total of 1535 recognized dialects.

One of the most marked things about Indian society is the great diversity. This applies to religion, ethnicity and language as much as to the economic situation. The yawning gap between the rich and the poor is bridged by a large middle class of small businessmen, professionals, bureaucrats etc.


India has a rich diversity of culture and tradition. It's probably the only country where people of so many different origins, religious beliefs, languages and ethnic background coexist.

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People and Culture of India

Festivals and Arts of India:


India is a land of festivals and fairs. Every day of the year there is a festival celebrated in some part of the country. Some festivals welcome the seasons of the year, the harvest, the rains, or the full moon. Others celebrate religious occasions, the birthdays of divine beings, saints, and gurus (revered teachers), or the advent of the new year. A number of these festivals are common to most parts of India. However, they may be called by different names in various parts of the country or may be celebrated in a different fashion.

It is well known that no other country holds so many festivals of antiquity as does India. Each festival brings an episode of some remote past back to the memory. Owing to its religious and regional variations, India has a number of festivals. Few Festivals of India are Ayudha Puja or Worship of Tools, Car Festivals of India, The Dasara Festival, Onam, Deepavali - Festival of Lights, Gandhi Jayanti, Ganesh Festival, Holi - the Festival of Colors, Kumbh Mela Fair, Moharam, Rakshabandhan, Republic Day, Sankranti or Pongal, Thrissur Pooram Festival, Ugadi (The Hindu New Year's Day)


The arts scene in India is markedly dynamic. It is uniquely splendorous in architectural and sculptural traditions and also retains its Indian ness in paintings despite Western influences. In India, the geography and climate contribute a lot to the form and substance of arts.

The Vedas, the sacred book of the Aryans in Sanskrit is the fundamental link to the Indian thoughts and arts. After the Indus valley civilization there was no continuity in the arts section until the age of the Mauryans when the Buddhist art form was born. Historically the first movement in art in India started with the Mauryan dynasty during 322-183 B.C. Major Indian Arts are Architecture, Dance, Music, Sculptures, Cinema, Paintings, Literature 

In dance, India has one of the largest repertoires in the world. There are eight main classical forms: Bharata Natyam (Tamilnadu), Kuchipudi (Andhra Pradesh), Odissi(Orissa), Kathak(Bihar), Manipuri(Assam and Manipur) Mohini attam, Kathakali (Kerala) and Yakshaganam (Karnataka).

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Festivals and Arts of India

Shopping in India:

The Indian markets cater multiple options to the travelers to pick the right thing of right choice. From the semi precious stone studded garland to a trendy leather shoe, Indian market is the ultimate destination for the shoppers around the world. A leisurely walk through the crowded lanes of the Indian metro cities are sure to indulge your sense and taste for exquisitely carved jewellery, beautiful handicraft items, excellent paintings and some real good Indian clothes.

India is still the proverbial "Shopper's paradise" for enterprising bargain hunters. With tourists, bargaining is almost a practice. Emporiums run by State Government are a safe place to buy because the quality is standardized. Handicraft shops can also ships it to your address, but insist on a comprehensive, insurance it is recommended that expensive goods like carpets etc., be brought from established government recognised' shops.

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Shopping in India

Entry Formalities and Visa to visit India:

All major International Airlines fly into India. According to the classification of Airports Authority of India, India has 6 major international airports - Delhi, Mumbai (Bombay), Kolkata (Calcutta), Chennai (Madras), Tiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum) and the newly upgraded Bangalore airport. These airports cater to around 85% of international air traffic in India.

Airport Facilities:

All the international airports have the requisite facilities like lounges, restrooms, transit accommodation, banks, telecommunication centers, business centers with word processors and telefax, post office, tourist information centers, hotel information, train information, car hire, restaurants, and other services. The airports also offer dutyfree shopping, snack bars, nursery, baby-care rooms, and an art gallery for art lovers. Dutyfree prices in the airport shops are competitive.

"WARNING: Tourists are also reminded that it is a punishable offence to overstay in India beyond the number of days given."

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