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Chephern Pyramids, Egypt

Egypt Fact File Egypt Fact File

Entry Formalities and Visa Entry Formalities and Visa

Egypt Shopping Guide Shopping in Egypt

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Egypt Tours Egypt Tours


Egypt Travel Tips
Sphinx, Egypt



What to Pack

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Factoids - Egypt

"The Egyptian Pyramids are the oldest and the only surviving member of the Ancient Wonders.  "

Egypt Factoids

" The ancient Egyptians believed that mummifying a person's body after death was essential to ensure a safe passage to the afterlife."

Egypt Mummies

" The Ancient Egyptians had a special kind of writing called HIEROGLYPHICS. Hieroglyphic writing was used a lot in tombs; it was how important or religious documents were written in ancient Egypt. It is a form of writing that uses pictures instead of letters."


" The River Nile flows from Central Africa to the Mediterranean Sea - a distance of 4,160 miles (or 6,695km). It comes from two tributaries, the White Nile and the Blue Nile. They meet at Khartoum in the Sudan. The Nile is also considered the world's longest river."

Nile River

" Apart from the Nile Valley, the majority of Egypt's landscape is a desert. The winds blowing can create sand dunes more than 100 feet (30 m) high. Egypt includes parts of the Sahara Desert and of the Libyan Desert. These deserts were referred to as the "red land" in ancient Egypt, and they protected the Kingdom of the Pharaohs from western threats. "


Pompey's Pillar, Alexandria, EgyptLiwy em hotep - Welcome
to Egypt

Egypt is a country mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Western Asia. Egypt borders the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south and Libya to the west.

Egypt is famous for its ancient civilization and some of the world's most famous monuments, including the Giza pyramid complex and its Great Sphinx. The southern city of Luxor contains numerous ancient artifacts, such as the Karnak Temple and the Valley of the Kings. Egypt is widely regarded as an important political and cultural nation of the Middle East.

Factoid: "Of the 10 pyramids at Giza, the first three are held in the highest regard. The first, and largest, was erected for the Pharaoh Khufu. Known as the Great Pyramid, it rises about 450 feet (having lost about 30 feet off the top over the years) and covers 13 acres." Read More Facts about Singapore


Pyramids of Giza, View Aga Khan's Mausoleum, Karnak Temple - Luxor


Fact File - Egypt


Conventional long form: Arab Republic of Egypt
Conventional short form: Egypt
Local long form: Jumhuriyat Misr al-Arabiyah
Local short form: Misr
Former: United Arab Republic (with Syria)


28 February 1922 (from UK)

Flag description: Egypt Flag

Three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and black; the national emblem (a gold Eagle of Saladin facing the hoist side with a shield superimposed on its chest above a scroll bearing the name of the country in Arabic) centered in the white band; design is based on the Arab Liberation flag and similar to the flag of Syria.


Strategic location dominating central Mediterranean as well as southern sea and air approaches to Western Europe.


Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula

Map References: 



total: 1,001,450sq km land: 995,450sq km water: 6,000sq km



Ethnic groups:

Egyptian 99.6%, other 0.4% (2006 census)


Arabic (official), English and French widely understood by educated classes


Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Coptic 9%, other Christian 1%


Desert; hot, dry summers with moderate winters 


Vast Desert plateau interrupted by Nile valley and delta


Egyptian pound (EGP)  Click here to find out Current Exchange Rate


GMT + 2 Current Time in Egypt
(GMT + 3 from last Friday in April to last Thursday in September).


220V/50Hz (British plug)

Calling Code:


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Best time to visit Egypt

Throughout Egypt, days are commonly warm or hot, and nights are cool. Egypt has only two seasons: a mild winter from November to April and a hot summer from May to October. The only differences between the seasons are variations in daytime temperatures and changes in prevailing winds. In the coastal regions, temperatures range between an average minimum of 14° C in winter and an average maximum of 30° C in summer. Temperatures vary widely in the inland desert areas, especially in summer, when they may range from 7° C at night to 43° C during the day. During winter, temperatures in the desert fluctuate less dramatically, but they can be as low as 0° C at night and as high as 18° C during the day. It all depends on the final destination that you wanted to travel.

  • If you are going to Luxor or Aswan, December to March is the best time as it is extremely hot otherwise.

  • Cairo is usually very hot and humid so probably you'll enjoy it more from January to March.

  • April could be risky if it is the Khamaseen season (dust storms).

  • Sharm is usually colder than Cairo or Luxor giving you more date choices most of the year, but not in winter. Best time around May to July and September to November.

  • Hurghada is usually windy most of the year making it a great Red Sea beach/water sports destination in the hotter season and September to November

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What to Pack

Egypt is a very conservative country and visitors need to respect this. For instance, absolutely no topless or nude sunbathing is permitted. Just use your head. On the practical side, leave your synthetic clothes at home; they will prove to be too hot in summer and not warm enough in winter. You want to bring materials that breathe. Since the Egyptian summer can be blazing hot, it is advisable to wear cotton. In winter, you'll appreciate having layers that can be removed during the heat of the day and put back on for the cooler evenings.

Follow the example of the locals and wear loose and flowing garments. Not only are these appropriately modest, but they are also very practical in the hot climate. And, importantly, protecting your head and neck from loss of moisture helps prevent heat stroke.

  • Before you leave for Egypt, go to the beach toy section and find one of those water bottles that come with an attached battery-operated fan.

  • Scarves or similar apparel, not only to protect from the sun, but for visiting religious sites where such attire is expected.

  • Remember, much of Egypt is desert . . . real desert. Water is scarce. Because staying hydrated is critically important for your comfort. Carry bottled water.

  • Sun burn is a major concern. Carry Sunscreen lotion with high SPF (Sun Protection Factor)

  • Good pair of sunglasses with an ultra-high UV rating

  • Pair of Shoes. You will be doing a lot of walking, and temple floors are far from even.

  • Credit Card (Visa, American Express, MasterCard, Diners Club, and Eurocard are accepted)

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Health Care / Security / Insurance

Do not drink tap water or use it to brush teeth. Use bottled water instead. Do not drink unbottled beverages and never have ice in drinks. Milk is unpasteurised and should be boiled. Powdered or tinned milk should only be reconstituted with pure water. Only eat well-cooked meat and fish, preferably served hot. Pork, salad and mayonnaise may carry increased risk. Vegetables should be cooked and fruit peeled.

Precautions against hepatitis E should be considered. Immunization against hepatitis B and tuberculosis is sometimes advised. Dengue fever occurs in epidemics. Bilharzia (schistosomiasis) is present in the Nile Delta and the Nile Valley; avoid swimming and paddling in fresh water. Rabies is present. For those at high risk, vaccination before arrival should be considered. If you are bitten, seek medical advice without delay.

Public hospitals are open to tourists. Health insurance is strongly advised.

* A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers over one year of age coming from infected areas. Those arriving in transit from such areas without a certificate will be detained at the airport until their onward flight departs.

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Shopping in Egypt

Egypt is a wonderland of shopping opportunities. The most interesting shopping area for tourists in Cairo is the old bazaar, Khan-el-Khalili, specializing in reproductions of antiquities. Jewelry, spices, copper utensils and Coptic cloth are some of the many special items.

Shopping hours: Winter: Tues, Wed, Fri and Sat 0900-1900, Mon and Thurs 0900-2000. During Ramadan, hours vary, with shops often closing on Sunday. Summer: Tues, Wed, Fri-Sun 0900-1230 and 1600-2000.

Entry Formalities and Singapore VisaGo back to Explore Singapore Menu

Entry Formalities and Egypt Visa:

Non-Egyptian visitors arriving in Egypt are required to be in possession of a valid passport and an Entry visa.  It is, however, possible for most tourists and visitors to obtain an entry visa at any of the Major Ports of Entry. Please check with your nearest Egyptian Consular mission for more details concerning visa regulations applying to your citizenship.

Citizens of the following countries are required a pre-arrival visa:

Afghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Chechnya, Croatia, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kirghizia, Lebanon, Macau, Macedonia, Malaysia, Moldavia, Montenegro, Morocco, Pakistan, Palestine, The Philippines, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia, Sri-Lanka, Tadzhikistan, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and all African countries.

Visa fees: The Tourist Visa fee is INR3,000.00 which is subject to revise.

"Note: The Tourist Visa is usually valid for a period not exceeding three months and granted on either single or multiple entry basis."

Required Documents for a Egypt Tourist Visa on a Package Tour for Indians

  • Egypt Visa Application Form.

  • Passport Valid for 6 months excluding onward and return travel

  • 4 Passport Size Recent Photographs for each applicant with White background

  • 6 Months Bank Statements

  • 3 Years IT Returns

  • Covering letter addressing to Visa Officer


  • If any change has occurred in this regard an adequate proof of residence needs to be submitted (bank account, telephone/electricity bill etc.)

PLEASE NOTE: In case the above documents are found insufficient, the Embassy/Consulate reserves the right to request any other proof of the applicant's financial status/sources of revenue (properties/investments etc.).

Further more applicants could be requested to appear for interview: At the time of submission, photocopies of all documents to be returned need to be produced. The originals of the documents produced may be requested for totally at the Embassy's /Consulate's discretion.

Time required to issue Egypt Visa: From 4 working days to 2 weeks. It is advisable to allow plenty of time.

"WARNING: Visitors are also reminded that it is a punishable offence to overstay in Egypt beyond the number of days given."

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For other destinations, email us your requirements to outbound@aadityatours.com

Disclaimer: We've tried to make the information on this page as accurate as possible, but it is provided 'as is' and we accept no responsibility for any loss, injury or inconvenience sustained by anyone resulting from this information. You should verify critical information (like visas, health and safety, customs and transportation) with the relevant authorities before you travel.

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